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To achieve the vision and mission Yadupa outlines interventions and summarizes them in 18 Steps of Ecosoc (Economic, Social and Cultural) and Political Programs as follows:







1. Establishing Yadupa (Papuan Village People Foundation) on 22 April 2003


2005 – 2010



2. Organisation Development (OD): Human Resource Development by facilitating trainings and workshops to upgrade the standard of organisational capacity. This training includes Financial Management.

3. Income Generating Course / Vocational Training: Training in Computer; English; Repairing radio, TV; Producing Garments, Furniture, Fishery Equipments (nets, canoe’s, etc); This is to generate self-employment to alleviate unemployment.


4.  Loans and Guarantees: In cooperation with foreign donors and local banks, Yadupa will make loans available to the communities that will start Small and Medium Enterprises (Usaha Kecil & Menengah).

5. Income Generating Projects: Assisting the communities in establishing small enterprises in fishery, poultry-breeding, pig-farming, car and motor-bike maintenance, garment production, etc.

6.  Natural Resource Management: Conservation by involving indigenous communities in the design of strategic planning and implementation undertakings for natural resource management. This is to promote and defend sustainable development. Development programs (including exploitation of natural resources) should be based on sustainability.



7.  Basic Human Rights: Empowering and counselling the communities to defend and promote their basic human rights internally and externally in cooperation with Human Rights Groups in Papua such as Elsham, ALDP, Kontras, Komnas HAM. This is to make Papua becomes Peace Zone (Papua Sebagai Zona Damai).

8. Women’s Right: Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equity are aspects for building peace to eliminate Domestic and State Violence against Women’s Right.


9. Elimination of Common Diseases and Minimising Mortality: Assisting medicine man and medicine women to deliver health service optimally. Secondly, requesting the government to deliver good quality of health service to the poor. Third is to make people aware of disease and prevention measurements.

10. HIV/AIDS: Strengthening target groups (NGOs, Women Groups, Youth and Tribal Leaders) in specific skills and mobilize them to undertake campaigns against further widespread of HIV/AIDS epidemic and informing the public on this deadly disease.


11.  Cross Cultural Understanding: Undertake cross-cultural activities in which different cultures can regularly meet to establish communication and cultural bridges. This is to avoid racial and tribal conflict.

12.  Promoting Papuan Culture: Utilising local knowledge including indigenous knowledge in development programs. Preserving and empowering indigenous cultural norms by organising discussions and supporting cultural ceremonies such as dance, music, theatre, woodcarving, etc in cooperation with Dewan Kesenian Papua (Papuan Art Council).


13.  Population: Undertaking population census and make annual graphic on the number of indigenous population.

14.  Land Right: Determining the boundaries by mapping the ground areas among indigenous groups (clan and tribe) for land ownership and proposing the government for compensation on use of tribal land.


15.  Tribal Authority: Urging the Central Government of Indonesia (CGOI) to recognize tribal authorities as genuine and formal power over the tribal land, natural resources and indigenous culture and traditions.

16.  Good Governance: Transparency; Legal/Judicial, Civil Service, Electoral/Legislative and Police with anti corruption as cross cutting issues. Activities: Monitor the Performances of Government and related institutions; Shortcoming Solving by Dialogue; Collaborative Action.



17.  Decentralising NGOs and Partnership: Most of NGOs in Papua are headquartered in Numbay. Branches of those NGOs should be established in other regions or districts. To achieve this, Yadupa will develop Institutional Development Program to internally strengthen the coordination between its head office and branches and between Yadupa and its partners for common struggle against poverty for the sake of justice and peace.


18. Annual Congress of Tribal Chiefs, NGOs, Students/Youth and Women to evaluate and establish Common Strategic Planning for the years ahead. This annual evaluation on community development will be held during the Annual Congress of Papuan Tribal Council (Sidang Dewan Adat Papua).










What is capacity building? Concept of Capacity Building (CB) includes organisation development (OD), institutional development (ID) and also human resources development (HRD) and financial management (FM).

Organisation development (OD), institutional development (ID) and also human resources development (HRD) and financial management (FM) are all covered in the concept of capacity building (CB). See the links in Capacity Building on Internet.
Capacity Building (CB) can be seen as the process by which individuals, organisations and societies increase their ability to
perform core functions, solve problems, define and achieve objectives and understand and deal with their development needs in a broad context and in a sustainable manner. (See UNDP Capacity Development Resource Book)

Organisation development (OD) is seen as the continuous adaptation process of the organisation to external and internal trends and events. In reality, this is not always a conscious and planned process. However, the concept of OD is widely used for the conscious and planned, mostly time-bound and even manageable part of the process, aimed at strengthening the position in the landscape of actors, the quality of the performance itself, the internal organisation and the learning capacity of the organisation.

Institutional development (ID) is broader. ID does not focus on one organisation only, but on a loosely coupled group of organisations, a network or sector and also on the Enabling Environment: the political, social, economic, legal and cultural structure determining the functioning of organisations.


Step 2 :

Organisational Capacity Building (OCB):

To begin with the above-mentioned 18 steps, Yadupa has designed OCB Programme. The strategy for OCB Program comprises following interventions:

Learning by Training:

Participants will be trained and trained themselves by learning from each other. Every participant has the chance to express her/her self during the discussions. Participants will be the presenters during the workshops. They will be staying together in one place during the training. This is to make mobilisation easier and so level of presence is higher and trainings can start on time.

Learning by Doing

Participants will practice their skills using participatory methods in their own organisations and communities after the training.


Consultant might be invited or contacted (phoning or emailing) for consultation.

Rather than merely theoretical and conceptual, the training and workshops will be applied practically. Experiential learning therefore, including “real life cases” and through the exchange of experiences between the participants, is an important aspect. The courses rely on short lectures, visualisation techniques, plenary discussions and personal feedback. The participants are expected to apply the concepts and tools to a project, programme or organisation that they are well acquainted with.

Participatory (interactive) methods will be utilised during the training as Paulo Freire revealed in his book ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’[1]: “Teachers and students (leadership and people), co-intent on reality, are both Subjects, not only in the task of unveiling that reality, and thereby coming to know it critically, but in the task of re-creating that knowledge. As they attain this knowledge of reality through common reflection and action, they discover themselves as its permanent re-creators. In this way, the presence of the oppressed in the struggle for their liberation will be what it should be: not pseudo-participation, but committed involvement.”

Each group will be no larger than 15 persons. This is to achieve a smooth learning process. For those who cannot grasp what is described, individual guidance will be offered. Enough space and time for discussions is available in which each participant has the chance to describe her/himself. If the group exceeded 15 participants the process of learning and teaching might be difficult.

The number training sessions per group is limited to 17 days. This is to avoid making the  participants tired, bored and to avoid possible saturation.

OUTCOME: At the end of 5 year program, the Tribal Chiefs and staff-members, NGOs/POs, Students/Youth and Women have the capacity in organisation and the indigenous people will have reached a higher level in economic capacity.


The CBP (capacity building program) is based on Yadupa's assumptions that:

-         Funds will be available.

-         Target Groups will cooperate.


The main target group of Yadupa’s programs is the – Indigenous Papuans – without ignoring or avoiding cooperation with the non-indigenous communities for the welfare and security of both sides (indigenous and non-indigenous).

It is Yadupa’s belief that above-mentioned problems, development needs and initiatives can only be structurally targeted by organisations and individual development activists with a higher capacity. These activists can then act as counsellors and thus play an important role in the process of developing civil society and avoid marginalization of indigenous Papuans.

Yadupa does not claim to have the solution to all of the above-mentioned problems; we do however wish to make a start and try to address the problems accordingly.

Our start is Organisational Capacity Building for target groups:

   Tribal Chiefs and Theirs Staff-members;

   NGOs and POs (Peoples' Organisations);

   Papuan Students / Youth;

   Women Activists;


      Tribal Chiefs and Their Staff-members

There are almost 300 tribes living in Papua. Tribal Chiefs are still recognised in many communities. Since the life of indigenous people is confronted by globalisation, their tribal chiefs need to have external skills (without losing indigenous knowledge). Each tribal leader will be accompanied by 2 staff-members meaning that about 900 of this target group will participate in the training.

      NGOs and POs

NGOs are targeted due to their position in the society at the vanguard of the movement against poverty and injustice. As yet, there’s hardly any collaboration between NGOs, the local government and communities for the development of civil society. This needs to be promoted in order to increase the influence and role of NGOs in government development programmes.

Communities are fully aware of the need for self-support-development, yet external factors still play an important role.

Various NGOs have already shown an interest in following the courses of the Capacity Building Programme, which should empower the NGOs and POs to enhance their work on, for instance, Basic Social Services, Fair Economic Development, Democratisation and Peace Building.

The approximate number of NGOs working in Papua is about 200. In Biak as listed by Yapikbi there are almost 50 NGOs and POs.

      Papuan Students / Youth

Papuan students / youth are considered as a group with a high potential for becoming the main vanguard for future development in Papua. However, the theory is different from the practice in which the academic knowledge in some cases is not applicable to the reality at the grass roots level. It is therefore, necessary to provide some skills to this group. Those skills can be then used to assist NGOs and POs.

Training sessions for students / youth will start on Java, Sulawesi and later in Papua.

The total number of participants per training session will be 20 students / youth. This is to reach and motivate as many as possible young academics as candidates for doing development activities later at grass roots level.  The volume of the subjects given to this group is much less than other target groups due to the time restricted to the holidays.

      Women Activists

Women are targeted due to their disadvantaged position in economic, social and political life. Unemployment is a considerable problem among the women. Young married couples lack financial means due to the high rate of unemployment. Unfortunately, this has caused some young women in Papua to resort to prostitution, as we can see from the increased number of young girls standing along the roads in the evening and at night. Papua is now the highest ranking of HIV/AIDS area in Indonesia as a result of unsafe sexual practices and the “import” of HIV-AIDS from Java and other Asian countries, e.g. Thailand. Many women are unaware of the risks of deadly diseases such as AIDS, malaria, TBC, etc.

      Candidate Trainers of Yapikbi in Biak

Yapikbi’s activists, who have followed the training courses in organisational capacity building and would like to be trainers, are included as target group in this OCB Training. They will then be the trainers at the Yapikbi’s Training Centre in the future. Yapikbi’s candidate trainers will be given the chance to practice their ability during the training. They will assist the consultant and gradually learn the techniques of teaching/training.

Total number of participants of the 5-Year Plan:


Papuan Tribal Chiefs and Their Staff-members



NGOs and POs in Papua including women



Papuan students/youth (female and mail)




   675 participants in Papua  = 135 participants per year.

   200 student-participants outside Papua =  40 participants per year.

875 people participate in the OCB Training of 5 Years Planning  = 175 participants per year.

[1] Paulo Freire, ‘Pedagogy of the Oppressed’, page 52.